History of bricks

Brick is the oldest construction materials. Before our time, enjoyed a great spread of unfired adobe brick, but despite this, the stories, there are cases when used burnt brick. Bricks began its history in Egypt, Ancient Rome, this is where bricks used for the construction of complex structures, which included arches, vaults and other items. While brick somewhat different re today, that old analogue was more square and flat, but the name sounded like plinfa, which translated from Greek - a brick.
Burnt brick in Byzantium was for a very long time the basic building material. The buildings were erected in the lime mixture, also added some crushed brick crumb. There were times when alternated with rows of brick with stone rows. History of brick connects him not only as to the building material, brick was used more for decorative treatments of various buildings. As an example, we can reduce the frequent use of patterned masonry, or its combination with majolica and terracotta pieces.
In Germany, masonry brick became the source of origin in the new architecture of a specific style - brick Gothic. By the way this style was dominant in 12 - 16 centuries. Russia also took no part in the recent history of the formation of the brick. An excellent example can be called the Wall of the Moscow Kremlin, which has been the object of admiration of masters from Italy and other countries. Particular attention was paid to the quality of bricks during the reign of Peter I. For example, if the party had more than three deviating from the standard products, then this whole game is not allowed to build.
Up until the mid 19 th century technology brick production was at a low level and demanding too much focus. Forming brick conducted by hands, drying produced only in the warm season, and fired bricks produced in primitive furnaces. Only at the end of the 19 th century were able to create an annular kiln, belt press, as well as machines that make processing of clay. All this has translated the technology of manufacturing bricks to a new level. Today, as most of the bricks produced in automated factories with great performance.
Today, brick, perhaps, is at the peak of its evolution. Its properties are almost perfect, a whole set of species, he became an order of magnitude stronger, resistant to water and frost. The modern brick building, having the above properties (and not only them) took the first position in the construction of urban buildings, the countryside and in general stores of various kinds. Brick is a very reliable material with which no other material can not be compared in the preservation of warmth and durability. Also, brick is a pure material from the viewpoint of ecology, which meets modern standards.

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